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Programmed Instruction and Task Analysis
Skinner's Frames of Instruction

A set of frames designed to teach a third-or fourth-grade pupil to spell the word manufacture.

From Skinner, B.F. (1958). Teaching machines. Science, 128 (3330), 969-977.

Frame 1

MANUFACTURE means to make or build.
Chair factories manufacture chairs.

Copy the word here:

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___


Frame 2

Part of the word is like part of the word FACTORY.
Both parts come from an old word meaning make or build.

M A N U ___ ___ ___ ___ U R E


Frame 3

Part of the word is like part of the word MANUAL.
Both parts come from an old word for hand.
Many things are made by hand.

___ ___ ___ F A C T U R E


Frame 4

The same letter goes in both spaces.

M ___ N U F ___ C T U R E


Frame 5

The same letter goes in both spaces.

M A N ___ F A C T ___ R E


Frame 6 Chair factories
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ chairs.